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Restricted Ingredients

You will never find these ingredients in any products carried at Follain stores – for your safety and the safety of the environment.

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    Aluminum Compounds (excluding coloring agents)

    What is it?

  • Metallic element
  • Function

  • Blocks the sweat ducts, preventing sweat from reaching the skin’s surface
  • Potential Concern

  • Neurotoxicity
  • Potential carcinogen
  • Endocrine disruption
  • Suspected to bioaccumulate within organs
  • Skin and organ irritation
  • Found In

  • Antiperspirant

    Aminomethyl Propanol

    What is it?

  • Alkanolamine
  • Function

  • pH Adjuster
  • Ingredient stabilizer
  • Potential Concern

  • May form carcinogenic nitrosamines
  • Reproductive and developmental toxicity
  • Skin and organ irritation
  • Found In

  • All types of hair products
  • All types of face products
  • All types of body products
  • All types of cosmetic products

    Animal Fat and Musk

    What is it?

  • Procured from the meat, fat bone or genital glands of slaughtered or live animals
  • Animals could include sheep, beef, horses, pigs, shark, emu, mink, deer, otter, beavers and more
  • Function

  • Skin conditioning
  • Perfuming agent
  • Potential Concern

  • Skin and organ irritation
  • Animal welfare
  • Sustainability
  • Found in

  • All types of face products
  • All types of body products
  • All types of cosmetic products

    Benzalkonium chloride

    What is it?

  • A mixture of quaternary ammonium salts
  • Function

  • Preservative
  • Anti-microbial agent
  • Surfactant
  • Potential Concern

  • Severe skin, eye and respiratory irritant
  • Allergy trigger
  • Found in

  • Anti-bacterial soap
  • Moisturizer

    BHA (Butylated hydroxyanisole) and BHT (Butylated hydroxytoluene)

    What is it?

  • Synthetic antioxidants
  • Function

  • Preservatives in both cosmetics and food
  • Potential Concern

  • Potential carcinogens
  • Endocrine disruption
  • May cause liver, kidney and thyroid problems
  • Found in

  • All types of hair products
  • All types of face products
  • All types of body products
  • All types of cosmetic products

    Butoxyethanol

    What is it?

  • Glycol ether that functions as a fragrance additive with a sweet odor
  • Function

  • Fragrance additive
  • Solvent
  • Viscosity control
  • Potential Concern

  • Possible carcinogen
  • Reproductive toxicity
  • Skin irritant

    Chemical Sunscreens

    Function

  • Filters harmful UVA/UVB rays
  • Ingredient stabilizer
  • Potential Concern

  • May cause cell damage and mutation
  • Endocrine disruption
  • Look For

  • Oxybenzone (or Benzophenone-3)
  • Octinoxate (or octyl methoxycinnamate)
  • Octocrylene
  • Octisalate
  • Homosalate

    Coal Tar

    What is it?

  • Byproduct of coal processing
  • Function

  • Colorant
  • Anti-dandruff agent
  • Potential Concern

  • Carcinogen
  • Look For

  • Coal Tar Solution
  • P-phenylenediamine
  • Aminophenol
  • Diaminobenzene

    1,4-dioxane

    What is it?

  • A by-product generated by a process called ethoxylation , in which ethylene oxide, is added to other chemicals to make them less harsh
  • Function

  • Contaminant (Unlisted in ingredient labels)
  • Potential Concern

  • Carcinogen
  • Organ Toxicity
  • Birth defects
  • Look For

  • Sodium laureth sulfate
  • Ethoxylated ingredients, often (but not always) ending in “-eth”
  • PEG compounds and polysorbates
  • Found in

  • Products that sud

    Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA)

    Function

  • Binding agent
  • Penetration enhancer
  • Potential Concern

  • Organ toxicity
  • Look For

  • Disodium EDTA
  • Calcium Disodium EDTA
  • Tetrasodium EDTA and HEDTA
  • Others with -EDTA
  • Found in

  • Hair dye
  • Moisturizer
  • Cleanser/body wash
  • Foundation
  • Eye products (mascara, eyeliner)

    Ethanolamines

    Function

  • Surfactant
  • pH Adjuster
  • Potential Concern

  • Allergies
  • Skin toxicity
  • Endocrine disruption
  • May form carcinogenic nitrosamines
  • Inhibited fetal brain development
  • Labeled As

  • Diethanolamine (DEA)
  • Cocamide DEA
  • Cocamide MEA
  • Triethanolamine (TEA)
  • Monoethanlamine (MEA)
  • Ethanolamine (ETA)
  • Found in

  • Styling products
  • Hair dye
  • Mascara
  • Foundation

    Formaldehyde

    Function

  • Preservative
  • Potential Concern

  • Carcinogen
  • Neurotoxicity
  • Developmental toxicity
  • Asthma
  • Skin/eye irritation
  • Allergy trigger
  • Look For

  • DMDM hydantoin
  • Diazolidinyl urea (formaldehyde releasing)
  • Imidazolidinyl urea (formaldehyde releasing)
  • Quaternium-15 (formaldehyde releasing)
  • Sodium hydroxymethylglycinate
  • 2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3 diol (Bronopol)
  • Tosylamide / formaldehyde resin
  • Found in

  • Shampoo
  • Body wash
  • Bubble bath
  • Nail polish
  • Eyelash glue

    Hydroquinone

    Function

  • Skin bleaching
  • Decreases production of melanin pigments in the skin
  • Reduces hyperpigmentation
  • Potential Concern

  • Carcinogen
  • Increases risk of skin cancer
  • Organ toxicity
  • Found in

  • Skin bleaching products
  • Cleanser
  • Moisturizer

    Mercury and mercury compounds

    What is it?

  • Heavy Metal
  • Function

  • Preservative
  • Anti-microbial agent
  • Potential Concern

  • Neurotoxicity
  • Organ and developmental toxicity
  • Look for

  • Thimerosal
  • Found in

  • Mascara
  • Eyeliner

    Methyl cellosolve

    Function

  • Fragrance
  • Solvent
  • Viscosity control
  • Potential Concern

  • Skin irritation
  • Cell damage and mutation
  • Possible neurotoxicity
  • Developmental toxicity
  • Look For

  • Methoxyethanol
  • Found in

  • Anti-aging creams and treatments

    Methylisothiazolinone and Methylchloroisothiazolinone

    Function

  • Preservatives
  • Fragrance enhancers
  • Potential Concern

  • Skin irritation
  • Sensitizer
  • Allergy trigger
  • Possible neurotoxicity
  • Found in

  • All types of hair products
  • All types of face products
  • All types of body products
  • All types of cosmetic products

    Mineral Oil

    What is it?

  • By-product of petroleum distillation
  • Function

  • Moisturizer
  • Potential Concern

  • Contamination with PAHs which are linked to cancer
  • Skin irritation
  • Contact dermatitis
  • Allergy trigger
  • Look For

  • Liquid paraffin
  • Liquid petrolatum
  • Found in

  • All types of face products
  • All types of body products
  • All types of cosmetic products

    Nanoparticles

    What is it?

  • Used to reduce the white chalky tint of mineral sunscreens like zinc oxide and titanium dioxide
  • A nanoparticle measures in the range of 1-100 nanometers (1 nanometer = 1 billionth of a meter)
  • Little is known about the safety and performance of nanoparticles due to the fact that manufacturers do not have to disclose the qualities of particles in skincare products
  • Function

  • UV protection
  • Penetration and texture enhancer
  • Ingredient stabilizer
  • Preservative
  • Potential Concern

  • Possible organ, reproductive and developmental toxicity
  • Potential DNA/cell damage
  • Skin and organ irritation
  • Use of nanoparticles is not labeled in ingredients
  • Found in

  • Anti-aging products and treatments
  • Sunscreens

    Parabens

    What are they?

  • Esters of parahydroxybenzoic acid
  • Function

  • Preservatives
  • Anti-microbial agents
  • Potential Concern

  • Endocrine disruption
  • Potential carcinogen
  • Developmental, reproductive and immune toxicity
  • Allergy trigger
  • Look For

  • Methylparaben
  • Butylparaben
  • Isobutylparaben
  • Propylparaben
  • Ethylparaben
  • Others ending in -paraben
  • Found in

  • All types of hair products
  • All types of face products
  • All types of body products
  • All types of cosmetic products

    Phthalates (DBP, DEHP, DEP, DMP and others)

    What is it?

  • Derived from phthalic acid
  • Function

  • Plasticizers
  • Solubilizer
  • Denaturant
  • Potential Concern

  • Endocrine disruption
  • May cause birth defects
  • Not labeled in ingredients
  • Found in

  • Synthetic fragrance
  • Hairspray

    Placenta Extract

    What is it?

  • Extract derived from human or animal placentas (often from sheep and horse)
  • Function

  • Increases hair thickness and collagen production
  • Potential Concern

  • Exposure to high levels of progesterone and estrogenic chemicals can increase risk of various cancers
  • Endocrine disruption
  • Found in

  • Hair treatments and thickener
  • Anti-aging products and treatments
  • Cream

    Polyethylene glycol (PEG compounds)

    What is it?

  • Ethoxylated ingredient
  • Function

  • Thickeners
  • Solvents
  • Softeners
  • Moisture-carriers
  • Penetration enhancers
  • Potential Concern

  • Possible contamination with 1,4-dioxane and ethylene oxide, both known carcinogens
  • Found in

  • All types of hair products
  • Moisturizer
  • Foundation

    Polysorbates

    What is it?

  • Produced by reacting polyol, sorbitol and ethylene oxide
  • Function

  • Surfactant
  • Emulsifying agent
  • Potential Concern

  • Possible contamination with 1,4-dioxane and ethylene oxide, both known carcinogens
  • Look For

  • Polysorbate –20, -40, -60, -80 and others
  • Found in

  • All types of hair products
  • All types of face products
  • All types of body products

    Resorcinol

    What is it?

  • White crystalline solid derived from benzene
  • Function

  • Colorant
  • Fragrance ingredient
  • Acne therapy
  • Potential Concern

  • Skin irritation
  • Possible endocrine disruption
  • Organ and immune toxicity
  • Look For

  • 2-Methylresorcinol (derivative of resorcinol)
  • Found in

  • Shampoo
  • Hair Dye
  • Styling products (foam and mousse)

    Sodium Lauryl Sulfate (SLS) and Sodium Laureth Sulfate (SLES)

    What is it?

  • By-product of a process called ethoxylation, in which ethylene oxide, is added to other chemicals to make them less harsh
  • Function

  • Surfactant (Cleansing agent that produces suds, bubbles and foam)
  • Potential Concern

  • Contamination with 1,4 –dioxane
  • Causes skin and eye irritation
  • Can trigger allergies
  • Found in

  • Products that sud (shampoo, cleanser, soaps, some exfoliators, body wash, bubble bath)

    Sodium Lauroyl Sarcosinate

    Function

  • Skin conditioning
  • Absorption enhancer
  • Antistatic
  • Potential Concern

  • May form carcinogenic nitrosamines
  • Found in

  • Products that sud (shampoo, cleanser, soaps, some exfoliators)

    Synthetic flavor or fragrance

    What is it?

  • Engineered scent or flavoring agent that usually contains dozens of (but could contain any combination of 3000+) chemical ingredients used to create fragrances
  • Fragrance and flavor formulas are “trade secrets” and can therefore remain undisclosed
  • Potential Concern

  • Severe skin and respiratory irritation
  • Can trigger allergies, migraines and asthma attacks
  • Potential carcinogen
  • Neurotoxicity
  • Endocrine disruption
  • Birth defects
  • Look For

  • Fragrance and Fragrance Blend
  • Parfum/perfume
  • Flavor
  • Found in

  • All types of hair products
  • All types of face products
  • All types of body products
  • All types of cosmetic products

    Toluene

    What is it?

  • Volatile petrochemical derived from benzene, a known carcinogen
  • Function

  • Solvent
  • Potential Concern

  • Neurotoxicity
  • Links to blood, brain and reproductive cancers
  • Birth defects
  • Reproductive, developmental and immune toxicity
  • Severe skin and organ irritation
  • Look For

  • Toluol
  • Benzene
  • Methylbenzene
  • Phenylmethane
  • Found in

  • Hair dye
  • Nail polish

    Triclosan and Triclocarban

    Function

  • Antimicrobial agent (look for "Microban")
  • Potential Concern

  • Endocrine disruption
  • Toxic to aquatic environments
  • Contributes to antibiotic resistance in bacteria
  • Found In

  • Antibacterial hand and body soap/cleanser
  • Hand sanitizer
  • Antiperspirant

Resources

Environmental Working Group (EWG) Skin Deep Database
Campaign for Safe Cosmetics
Breast Cancer Fund
Truth in Aging
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
Center for Disease Control (CDC) - Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry
Beautycounter Never List
Health Canada